July 2nd: A Day to Rejoice Independence

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July 2nd: A Day to Celebrate Independence

John Trumbull's famous painting The Presentation of the Declaration hangs in the Capitol Rotunda today. It is owned by the citizens of the United States.

Every year I used July 2nd as the day of the jury celebration because this is the day the Continental Congress voted to free the colonies from the crown. It was signed two days later and the date of signing (not voting) is noted in our declaration of independence.

John Adams thought that this was the day "with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, weapons, bells, campfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other from that time onwards would be celebrated for ever more".

I see no compelling reason to reinvent the wheel and write articles from previous years about why the day is so important for juries and others. Here are some of the pieces:

Power to the people (declaration of independence)

Take the oath

July 2: A day to declare independence (and celebrate juries)

The United States Declare Independence (Trials Are a Reason)

We wish everyone a happy vacation, but please, please, please take a moment to read one of the greatest legal documents ever written. It lists the reasons why our founders felt compelled to rebel against King George.
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IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776
The unanimous declaration of the thirteen United States of America

In the course of human events, it becomes necessary for a people to dissolve the political ties that have linked them to one another and to take on the separate and equal position among the powers of the earth to which the laws of nature and the God of nature are entitled Decent respect for humanity's opinions requires that they identify the causes that cause them to separate.

We take these truths for granted that all people are created equal, that they are endowed with certain inalienable rights by their Creator, including life, freedom and the pursuit of happiness. – To safeguard these rights, governments are set up among men who derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. – If a form of government destroys these goals, it is the right of the people to change or abolish them and to establish a new government that is based on such principles and that organizes its powers in a form that is most likely to help them To compromise security and happiness. Indeed, prudence will dictate that long-standing governments should not be changed for light and temporary reasons. and accordingly, experience has shown that humanity is more willing to suffer while evil has to suffer than to clean itself up by abolishing the forms to which it is accustomed. But if a long train of abuses and usurpations that always pursue the same goal shows a plan to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right to throw off such a government and provide new guards for its future security. – This was the patient suffering of these colonies; and this is now the need that is forcing them to change their previous government systems. The story of the current King of Britain is a story of repeated injuries and usurpations, all of which are aimed directly at establishing absolute tyranny over these states. To prove this, have facts presented to an open world.

He has refused to agree to laws that are the most wholesome and necessary for the common good.

He has banned his governors from passing laws of immediate and urgent importance unless they are suspended in their operations until his approval is sought. and when he's so suspended, he's completely neglected to take care of them.

He has refused to pass other laws for housing large districts of people unless these people give up the right to be represented in the legislature, a right that is invaluable to them and powerful only for tyrants.

He has gathered legislatures in unusual, uncomfortable places away from the place where their public records are kept, just to tire them of complying with his actions.

He has repeatedly disbanded House of Representatives because he refused his invasions to the rights of the people with male determination.

For a long time after such dissolutions, he refused to persuade others to choose, the legislative powers incapable of annihilation having returned to the entire people for exercise; In the meantime, the state remained exposed to all dangers of external invasion and internal cramps.

He has tried to prevent the populations of these states; to this end hinder the laws on naturalization of foreigners; refuse to overtake others to encourage their migration here and increase the conditions for new land appropriations.

He has hindered the administration of justice by refusing to consent to laws establishing judicial powers.

He made the judges solely dependent on his will for the term of office and the amount and payment of their salaries.

He has built a variety of new offices and sent swarms of officers here to harass our people and consume their substance.

He held armies among us in peacetime without the consent of our legislators.

It has set itself the task of making the military independent of and superior to civilian power.

He has teamed up with others to make us subject to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution and not recognized by our laws. give their consent to their acts of fake legislation:

For the accommodation of large armed forces among us:

To protect them, through a pseudo-trial from punishment for all murders they should commit against the residents of these states:

To cut off our trade with all parts of the world:

For collecting taxes without our consent:

To deprive us of the advantage of judicial proceedings in many cases:

For transportation across the ocean to be brought to justice for fake crimes:

For the abolition of the free system of English laws in a neighboring province, the establishment of an arbitrary government and the expansion of its borders, to make it an example and suitable instrument for the introduction of the same absolute rule in these colonies

To take away our charters, abolish our most valuable laws, and fundamentally change the forms of our governments:

For suspending our own legislation and declaring that it is empowered to enact laws for us.

He abdicated the government here by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.

He looted our seas, devastated our coasts, burned down our cities and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is currently transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to accomplish the works of death, desolation, and tyranny that began with the conditions of cruelty and perfidy that were barely comparable in the most barbaric times, and the head of a civilized nation completely unworthy.

He has forced our fellow citizens, who were captured on the high seas, to carry arms against their land, to become the executioners of their friends and brothers, or to fall into their own hands.

He has caused domestic uprisings among us and has endeavored to attract the inhabitants of our borders, the merciless Indian savages, whose well-known rules of war are the unmistakable destruction of all age groups, genders and conditions.

At every stage of this suppression, we made the most humble request for redress: our repeated petitions were answered only by repeated violations. A prince, whose character is thus characterized by every act that can define a tyrant, is not suitable to be the ruler of a free people.

We have also paid attention to our British brothers. We have warned them from time to time about attempts by their legislature to extend unjustified jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their local justice and generosity, and through the bonds of our common relatives, we have summoned them to deny these usurpations that would inevitably disrupt our connections and correspondence. They too were deaf to the voice of justice and kinship. We must therefore surrender to the necessity that denounces our separation and, like the rest of humanity, enemies in war, keep them in peace friends.

We, the representatives of the United States of America, gathered at the General Congress and appealed to the Chief Justice of the World for the correctness of our intentions to do so in the name and by the authority of the good people of these colonies, and solemnly declare and declare them united colonies are free and independent states and should by law be free and independent states, that they are separated from any loyalty to the British crown and that any political connection between them and the state of Great Britain exists and should be completely dissolved; and that, as free and independent states, they have the full power to wage war, make peace, form alliances, establish trade, and do all other acts and things that independent states can do by law. – And in support of this declaration, in which we firmly rely on the protection of divine providence, we mutually commit our lives, our assets and our holy honor.